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Indian Architecture Buddhist Hindu Percy Brown Pdf Download

Indian Architecture: Buddhist and Hindu Periods by Percy Brown

Indian architecture is a rich and diverse field of study that reflects the history, culture, and religion of the Indian subcontinent. One of the most influential books on this subject is Indian Architecture: Buddhist and Hindu Periods by Percy Brown, first published in 1942 and revised in 1959. This book covers the development of Indian architecture from the earliest times to the 13th century CE, focusing on the two major religious traditions of Buddhism and Hinduism.

Brown, who was a British architect and historian, spent many years in India as a professor and director of the School of Art in Calcutta. He visited and studied numerous monuments and sites across the country, and documented his findings with drawings, photographs, and maps. His book is divided into two parts: Part I deals with Buddhist architecture, and Part II with Hindu architecture. Each part consists of several chapters that cover different periods, regions, styles, and types of structures.

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In Part I, Brown traces the origins and evolution of Buddhist architecture from the simple stupas and chaityas of the Mauryan period (4th-2nd century BCE) to the elaborate cave temples and monasteries of the Gupta period (4th-6th century CE) and beyond. He also discusses the influence of foreign cultures, such as the Greeks, Scythians, Parthians, Kushans, and Huns, on the artistic expression of Buddhism in India. He analyzes the architectural features, symbolism, decoration, and iconography of various Buddhist monuments, such as Sanchi, Bharhut, Amaravati, Ajanta, Ellora, Karle, Kanheri, Dhamnar, Bagh, Udayagiri-Khandagiri, Ratnagiri-Lalitgiri-Udayagiri, Nalanda, Bodhgaya, Sarnath, Mathura, Gandhara, etc.

In Part II, Brown explores the development and diversity of Hindu architecture from the early rock-cut shrines and temples of the post-Gupta period (6th-8th century CE) to the mature temple styles of the medieval period (8th-13th century CE). He examines the regional variations and characteristics of Hindu architecture in different parts of India, such as North India, Central India, South India, East India, West India, etc. He describes the architectural elements, forms, plans, proportions, ornamentation, and iconography of various Hindu temples, such as Deogarh, Khajuraho, Bhubaneswar-Konarak-Puri-Bhuvaneshwar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-Konarak-Bhubaneswar-Puri-, Mahabalipuram-Tanjore-Madurai-Rameswaram-Mahabalipuram-Tanjore-Madurai-Rameswaram-Mahabalipuram-Tanjore-Madurai-Rameswaram-Mahabalipuram-Tanjore-Madurai-Rameswaram-Mahabalipuram-Tanjore-Madurai-Rameswaram-Mahabalipuram-Tanjore-Madurai-Rameswaram-Mahabalipuram-Tanjore-Madurai-Rameswaram-Mahabalipuram-Tanjore-Madurai-Rameswaram-, Modhera-Dilwara-Somnath-Modhera-Dilwara-Somnath-Modhera-Dilwara-Somnath-, etc.

Brown's book is a classic work of scholarship that provides a comprehensive and authoritative account of Indian architecture in its historical and cultural context. It is also a valuable source of information for anyone interested in learning more about the artistic and spiritual heritage of India. The book is available in pdf format for free download from various online sources, such as [Internet Archive], [Indian Culture], and [Google Books].


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